The Last Word



Awake the snorting citizens with the bell, 
Or else the devil will make a grandsire of you: 

(Act I, Scene I)

Iago is talking to Brabantio about Othello at night outside of his home. Iago had been telling Brabantio about how Othello had married his daughter and was using some pretty harsh words to describe Othello. He is pretty much telling Brabantio to go do something about this or else the devil (a word he’s using to describe Othello) will make him a grandfather.


Her eye must be fed; 
and what delight shall she have to look on the 

(Act II, Scene I)

Here, Iago is mentioning Othello in a mean way again. This time, he’s talking about why would Desdimona want to be with him. He’s pretty much saying, why would Desdimona possibly want to look at the devil. That’s how much he hated Othello that he doesn’t even see him as worthy for her to look at.


Text:  “Come, you spirits

That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,
And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full
Of direst cruelty! make thick my blood”

Summary: Lady Macbeth wants to be less lady-like and have more manly qualities. She wants to become more thick-skinned and cruel so that she can be ready to murder Macbeth and become queen.

Comment: The word “blood” fits into this context because Lady Macbeth is telling the spirits to make her thick-blooded and cruel to perform the dirty deed.

Text: “Will it not be received,
When we have mark’d with blood those sleepy two
Of his own chamber and used their very daggers”

Summary: Macbeth is talking about when he and Lady Macbeth kill King Duncan in his sleep.

Comment: Mark’d with blood is kind of like saying dead.

Text: “Mine eyes are made the fools o’ the other senses,
Or else worth all the rest; I see thee still,
And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood,
Which was not so before. There’s no such thing:
It is the bloody business which informs
Thus to mine eyes. ”

Summary: Macbeth is again talking about the killing of King Duncan.

Comment: When he says that it’s a bloody business, he’s saying that killing Duncan is going to be a messy thing.

Text: “Why did you bring these daggers from the place?
They must lie there: go carry them; and smear
The sleepy grooms with blood.”

Summary: Lady Macbeth is explaining to Macbeth that he shouldn’t have brought the daggers back and should go put them back in Duncan’s room and smear blood on the guards to make it look like they did it.

Comment: Lady Macbeth wants Macbeth to smear the guards with blood to make them look guilty.

Text: “Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood
Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather
The multitudinous seas in incarnadine,
Making the green one red.”

Summary: Macbeth is going to wash Duncan’s blood off his hands, but he’s feeling guilty.

Comment: Macbeth wants to get the blood (which symbolizes his guilt) off his hands.

Text: “Those of his chamber, as it seem’d, had done ‘t:
Their hands and faces were an badged with blood;
So were their daggers, which unwiped we found
Upon their pillows”

Summary: Lennox is talking about the guards that have blood all over them, thinking they killed the king.

Comment: Macbeth and his Lady smeared blood all over the guards to make them the scapegoats.

Text: “To Ireland, I; our separated fortune
Shall keep us both the safer: where we are,
There’s daggers in men’s smiles: the near in blood,
The nearer bloody.”

Summary: Donalbain is saying that he’s going to flee to Ireland because it’s too dangerous here.

Comment: When he says “The near in blood, the nearer bloody” he means that since he’s near King Duncan in blood (related) he’s nearer bloody (there’s more of a chance that he will become bloody/die)

Text: “Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck,
Till thou applaud the deed. Come, seeling night,
Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day;
And with thy bloody and invisible hand
Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond
Which keeps me pale!”
Summary: Macbeth is talking to Lady Macbeth about when Banquo comes over.
Comment: Macbeth is telling her to look innocent and such, but then secretly kill him with “thy bloody and invisible hand”, just like she had gave him the pep talk earlier in regards to killing Duncan.
Text: “See, they encounter thee with their hearts’ thanks.
Both sides are even: here I’ll sit i’ the midst:
Be large in mirth; anon we’ll drink a measure
The table round.
Approaching the door
There’s blood on thy face.”
Summary: The first murderer enters to tell Macbeth that Banquo has been slain.
Comment: When the murderer comes in, he has some of Banquo’s blood on his face, which Macbeth comments on.
Text: “Blood hath been shed ere now, i’ the olden time,
Ere human statute purged the gentle weal;
Ay, and since too, murders have been perform’d
Too terrible for the ear: the times have been”
Summary: Macbeth had just seen the ghost of Banquo, and is probably trying to explain that he’s just shaken up from the two recent murders of Duncan and Banquo
Text: Macbeth says “blood hath been shed ere now”, acknowledging Banquo’s death.

Act IV:

Text:”Cool it with a baboon’s blood,
Then the charm is firm and good.”

Summary: The second witch is telling the other witches to cool the fire from the pot with baboon’s blood, they’re summoning Hecate so that he can answer Macbeth’s questions.

Comment: Macbeth is summoning Hecate so he can find out more about his unfortunate future. I guess, according to the witches, a baboon is cold-blooded.

Text:”Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn
The power of man, for none of woman born
Shall harm Macbeth.”

Summary: Macbeth is being told to be ruthless since no child born to a woman shall harm Macbeth.

Comment: In this context, bloody means ruthless and harsh, since to Macbeth’s thinking at this time, no one shall harm him.

Text: “Horrible sight! Now, I see, ’tis true;
For the blood-bolter’d Banquo smiles upon me,
And points at them for his.”

Summary: The ghost of Banquo appears about eight time to Macbeth and he’s freaking out, yet finally accepts that he’s actually there.

Comment: Macbeth the bloody ghost of Banquo, who blames the witches for his death.

Act V:

Text: “Out, damned spot! out, I say!–One: two: why,
then, ’tis time to do’t.–Hell is murky!–Fie, my
lord, fie! a soldier, and afeard? What need we
fear who knows it, when none can call our power to
account?–Yet who would have thought the old man
to have had so much blood in him.”

Summary: Lady Macbeth is sleep walking and recreating the scene in which she washed the blood off her hands after the killing of Duncan, except this time, she’s a lot less calm and freaking out.

Comment: She’s surprised that so much blood flowed out of Duncan’s dead body.

Text: “Here’s the smell of the blood still: all the
perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little
hand. Oh, oh, oh!”

Summary: Again, Lady Macbeth is freaking out over the blood on her guilty little hands while sleep walking.

Comment: The smell of blood is the symbol of the guilt Lady Macbeth feels deep down about the murder of King Duncan.

Text: “Of all men else I have avoided thee:
But get thee back; my soul is too much charged
With blood of thine already.”

Summary: Macbeth is saying that his soul is metaphorically filled with all the people’s blood that he’s killed.

Comment: The people’s blood that fills Macbeth is a metaphor for the guilt he feels since he’s killed them, they will stay with him forever.

  1. 12adams says:

    wow adam, that’s amazing!

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